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ENV201/202: Researching Environmental Problems: Style Guides and Citation Managers

Spring 2024: D. Lello

Citing Sources

  • Remember to cite your source, when either quoting directly or paraphrasing. In other words, cite your source whenever you present an idea that isn't your own.
  • Websites must be cited in your notes/bibliography, too; if you cut and paste - or paraphrase - from a website, cite the webpage.
  • When in doubt, cite your source.
  • Select a standard citation style and document sources correctly and consistently.
  • Connect to online versions of some style guides from this page: Citation Guides & Style Manuals
  • Use the Citation Builder (NCSU Libraries) or Documentation Guidelines (Duke University) which offer quick citation help for Chicago, MLA, APA, and CBE styles.

For more tips, see


Zotero is a free research tool. Use it to:

  • Collect citations
  • Organize citations
  • Cite
  • Share documents

We recommend Zotero for Firefox, to work directly from your web browser.  [also available for Chrome, Safari, and IE]

Watch the Libraries' short introductory video, learn more at or visit the Libraries guide for Zotero.

Help with Citing

The Jacobson Center for Writing, Teaching and Learning offers individual help with writing and also this useful guide:

   Writing Papers: A Handbook for Students at Smith College
   Read "Acknowledging and Documenting Your Sources" starting on page 57 (pg. 67 in pdf file).

Writing Guides


RefWorks is web-based software that helps researchers gather, manage, store, and generate citations and bibliographies.