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LSS300: Rethinking Landscape: The Land

N. Antonetti, Spring 2013

Geographical Information

Oxbow, USGS topo map, 1886

The Oxbow, Connecticut River at Northampton,
USGS map, 1886

Google Earth
Geographic information (down to the level of street addresses) for sites around the globe combining recent satellite imagery, maps, and other data (demographic, economic, commercial).

Microsoft Research Maps
Dated aerial photographs and topographic maps of the United States. Good coverage for Northampton. (Formerly called Terra Server.)

National Geologic Map DatabaseUS Geological Survey & the Association of American State Geologists
Over 90,000 maps and reports by more than 600 publishers. 

GIS Data

  • Oliver
    Mass GIS's online mapping tool. "OLIVER can be used to search, display, and share spatial data pertaining to Massachusetts. Users can quickly create and share maps and download data for use in a Geographic Information System (GIS)."
  • Northampton
  • Amherst

Historical Maps

MORE: Find Map Resources
SC Libraries guide to finding 

Statistical Information

Historical Statistics of the United States , 4th (Millenial) ed.
The "standard source for quantitative indicators of American history." In addition to the data series, essays "provide a general guide to the data, the sources, and the historical trends that have been emphasized in the scholarly literature" and include helpful reference lists and tables. Coverage varies by data series, but in some cases provide documentation from the 18th century to 2000. Of special interest for the history of the land are: Data and Statistics 
Statistics from US federal agencies on a wide range of topics grouped by subject. Note the section on Energy, Environment & Agriculture.

USDA Census of Agriculture
Covering 1840 through 2007, with fact sheets on farming practices, production, farm numbers, and other topics for later years.

MORE: Find Statistics & Data
SC Libraries guide to these resources online and in print.

Books, Reports & Media

Five College Library Catalog
Browse through the listings for books and media on local and regional history and current conditions using the name of the city, town, or region as a subject keyword

  • Northampton (Mass.) | Amherst (Mass.)
  • Connecticut River Valley | Connecticut River Watershed
  • Massachusetts | New England

and subject keywords such as:

  • Natural history
  • Geology
  • Climate | Weather | Meteorology
  • Ecology
  • Environmental conditions
  • Environmental Policy | Environmental degradation
  • Nature -- Effect of human beings on | Human ecology
  • Geography | Historical geography

  • Land settlement patterns
  • Agriculture | Agricultural ecology | Land use, rural
  • Industrialization | Industry | Land use, urban
  • Commerce | Economic conditions
  • History -- Chronology | Sources
  • History -- Photographs | Pictorial works
  • Buildings and structures
  • Material culture
  • Politics and government
  • Population | Census | Biography
  • Emmigration and immigration | Ethnic relations
  • Social conditions | Social life and customs

and format subheadings such as

  • Maps | Aerial views
  • Description and travel | Guidebooks | Views
  • Directories
  • Statistics