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SDS 236: Data Journalism: When to Cite, Style Guides & Citation Managers

Spring 2018: A. McNamara

Citation Resources

Citation Guides & Style Manuals 

Some Tips for When to Cite:

  • Remember to cite your source, when either quoting directly or paraphrasing. In other words, cite your source whenever you present an idea that isn't your own.
  • Websites must be cited in your notes/bibliography, too; if you cut and paste - or paraphrase - from a website, cite the webpage.
  • When in doubt, cite your source.
  • Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL):  When do we give credit?


When to Cite -- Smith Resources

The Jacobson Center for Writing, Teaching and Learning offers individual help with writing and also this useful guide:
Writing Papers: A Handbook for Students at Smith College
Read "Using Sources Effectively" starting on page 50+; and
"Acknowledging and Documenting Your Sources" on page 57+.





RefWorks is web-based software that helps researchers gather, manage, store, and generate citations and bibliographies.


is another web-based option for managing your citations and for creating bibliographies.