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ENG 118 (Fall 2016): Water Science and Politics: Search Tips & Background Information

Fall 2016 N. Moreira

Encyclopedias

Scholarly encyclopedias will provide background information and references as well to other useful resources.

Wikipedia - Beware

 

Wikipedia

BEWARE:  Can provide useful background information, but don't believe everything you read!  Evaluate and verify.

 

Contentious Science Topics on Wikipedia Subject to Editing Mishchief
by Meghan Rose, Science News [188;7, Oct. 3, 2015, p. 5.]

 

Search Tips

Whether you are searching for books in the Five College Library Catalog, or searching for scholarly articles in a library database, it pays to be organized as you start your search.  Break down searching into a three step process.

STEP 1
Write down as much information about your topic as possible. (You can use Encyclopedias and other reference books to help gather background information). Answer the following questions:

  • What is your topic?
  • What questions do you have?
  • What do you know? What don't you know?

Then, try to summarize what you are looking for in one or two sentences.

EXAMPLE: I would like to learn more about the water quality of drinking water in urban areas with specific focus on the Flint Michigan water crisis (and lead).

STEP 2

Using the information in Step 1, list the main concepts of your topic.

EXAMPLE: water, water pollution,  Flint (Michigan), cities, urban areas

STEP 3
Now create a list of synonyms of your key concepts. Think broadly, think narrowly! This step is helping you expand your search by expressing your query in a variety of ways. If you get too many results, then you can work on focussing your search.

"water pollution"

lead

toxin*

bacteria


*=wildcard; will find variations in a word. In this case, those after the letter "n."

cities

urban

Flint, Michigan

 

 

 



 

treatment

remediation

policy

regulations

 

 

 

 

You will use the word lists you developed in Step 3 to create search strategies. Use "OR" between synonyms and "AND" between concepts. For instance:

(water pollution OR lead) AND (city OR urban OR flint michigan) AND (treatment) 

Watch video (3 minutes):  Crafting a Savvy Search Strategy (UCLA Library)

Mind Mapping Worksheet

Science and Engineering Research Help

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Young Library 106

Some Handbooks and Bibliographies

The Deep Web

A vast majority of the web (90%!) cannot be accessed via search engines like Google. (2.26 minutes) From Mashable.