Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

AMS226: Introduction to Colonial North America, 1492-1763: What is a primary source?

Fall 2012, C. Mucher

Comments & Questions

Click here to provide feedback on this library session and follow up with any questions about topics covered in the class.

What is a Primary Source?


Primary sources:

  • Are original records created at the time an historical event occurred; they may also be written well after-the-fact by participants in the event. (Think of memoirs, autobiographies, or transcriptions of recollections - i.e. oral histories.)
  • Need not focus on a specific event; rather, they may more generally reflect the ideas and values of a particular time period. Examples of these include books written at the time on race, religion, slavery, etc.
  • May include personal writings such as letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, and autobiographies (in manuscript or published form). They may also include newspaper articles or editorials, speeches, interviews.
  • May be produced by governments, tribes, and religious bodies, for example, the United States Office of Indian Affairs, the Cherokee Nation, the Jesuits, etc.

In short, primary sources serve as the raw material to interpret the past, and when they are used along with previous interpretations by historians, they provide the resources necessary for historical research.

Adapted from Using Primary Sources on the Web, History Section, Reference and User Services Association, American Library Association, accessed 10/1/12]

For an overview of primary sources available at Smith and in the Five Colleges, consult the Find Primary Sources page.

Ask Us - Meet with Us

Teaching, Learning & Research Librarians

Contact: Teaching, Learning & Research Librarians