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Research Data Management (RDM): File Formats, Metadata, Citation, Repositories

Research Guide

Metadata

Metadata = data about data

It is essential to appropriately describe and document data to ensure efficient access and sharing.  The common method to accomplish this is by using one of the well-established metadata schemas.

What is Metadata?
(EDINA, National Data Centre, University of Edinburgh)
 (9.8 min.)

Some Widely Used General Standards

 

Examples of Other Standards 
(discipline-based)

 

Search this tool to locate the most useful standard for your discipline: 

DCC Metadata Standards by Discipline

File Organization and Formats

Using standard organizational and file naming principles will facilitate finding and re-utilization of data as well as help ensure its usefulness over time as storage technologies evolve.   Here are some sites that offer
practical assistance:

Storage, Preservation, and Repositories

PRESERVING AND SHARING DATA

Enabling data sharing is a core part of data management best practice.

There are numerous options for storing and preserving data to ensure that they are easily discoverable, and available for future retrieval and re-use in the scholarly community, and, meet grant funder requirements.                                                                      

REPOSITORIES                                             

Disciplinary repositories are an essential consideration in preserving data.  Here is a sampling of options:

Tools or lists to locate a repository: 

 

Some Examples of Repository Options By Discipline

SCIENCES

Astronomy

Biology

Chemistry

Computer Science

Engineering

Geosciences

 

SOCIAL SCIENCES

 

HUMANITIES 

Citing Data

Citing data appropriately, as is the case with journals, books, and other research material, 
facilitates its discovery and sharing; helps to ensure scholarly integrity; advances know-
ledge; and promotes scholarly recognition.

 

Purdue University Libraries:  Citing Data

MIT Libraries LibGuide on Citing Data 
(Social Sciences)

DataCite [Provides support for data discovery 
                 and citation creation and use.]

ICPSR Data Citations:  See Visual on Building a Culture of Data Citation